Elihu Yale was an American merchant, philanthropist, and colonial official who lived during the 17th and 18th centuries. He was born on April 5, 1649, in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, to a family of Welsh descent. Yale’s father was a wealthy merchant, and Elihu Yale followed in his footsteps, becoming a successful merchant himself.

Yale ventured to England around 1671, where he engaged in trade and eventually became involved with the British East India Company. He amassed a considerable fortune through his business dealings in India, particularly in the trading of goods like textiles, spices, and precious metals.

In 1718, Yale made a substantial donation of books and goods to the Collegiate School of Connecticut, which was founded in 1701 in Saybrook, Connecticut. In gratitude for Yale’s generosity, the school was renamed Yale College in 1718. This marked the beginning of Yale’s association with the institution that would later become Yale University.

Elihu Yale never actually visited the college that bore his name, but his philanthropic contributions were crucial in the early development of the institution. His legacy as a benefactor of Yale University continues to be honored to this day.

It’s important to note that while Elihu Yale’s donations were significant in the history of the university, the founding of Yale University involved many other individuals and factors beyond Yale’s contributions alone.

Elihu Yale

伊利哈·耶鲁(Elihu Yale)是一位生活在17至18世纪的美国商人、慈善家和殖民官员。他生于1649年4月5日,出生于马萨诸塞州贝区的波士顿,他是一位有着威尔士血统的家庭的成员。耶鲁的父亲是一位富有的商人,伊利哈·耶鲁也走上了他父亲的路,成为一名成功的商人。


1718年,耶鲁向康涅狄格州的学院学校(Collegiate School of Connecticut)捐赠了大量的书籍和物资。该学校成立于1701年,位于康涅狄格州的塞布鲁克。为了感谢耶鲁的慷慨,该学校在1718年更名为耶鲁学院(Yale College)。这标志着耶鲁与该机构的关系开始,并最终演变成后来的耶鲁大学。



Yale University 耶鲁大学校园鸟瞰图

The founding of Yale University involved several key individuals and events beyond the contributions of Elihu Yale. Some notable figures and factors include:

The Ten Congregationalist Ministers: These ministers, including James Pierpont and Thomas Buckingham, played a crucial role in establishing the Collegiate School of Connecticut in 1701. They sought to establish an institution of higher education in the colony to train ministers and educate the youth.

The Donation of Books: Besides Elihu Yale’s contribution, other donations of books and funds from various individuals and organizations also supported the growth of the institution. These donations helped to establish the library and academic resources of the college.

The Relocation to New Haven: In 1716, the Collegiate School moved from Saybrook to New Haven, where it would eventually become Yale College. The move was influenced by the desire for a more central and accessible location, as well as the offer of land and financial incentives from the residents of New Haven.

The Development of the Curriculum: Over time, Yale College developed its own distinct curriculum, influenced by the educational philosophies of its faculty and leaders. The curriculum evolved to include a broader range of subjects beyond theology, incorporating classical studies, sciences, and humanities.

Yale’s Charter: In 1745, Yale College received a royal charter from King George II of England, granting it official recognition and the authority to grant degrees. This charter solidified the institution’s status as a respected university and paved the way for its continued growth and development.

While Elihu Yale’s contributions were significant, the founding and development of Yale University were the result of collaboration and support from many individuals, institutions, and historical circumstances.

Yale University(耶鲁大学封面)









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